Timofey T. Shmakov - The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts
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The author of the paper scrutinizes the Old Kingdom religious texts, namely the Pyramid Texts, to show their specificity and uniqueness as far as the perception of religious reality is concerned. Furthermore, the intention is to answer the question if the Pyramid Texts are magical texts as a whole corpus or if some of their parts are meant to have magical value and if so then what are the purposes of their usage. Some emphasis is placed on the so-called “serpent spells” (See: Ch. Leitz, Die Schlangensprüche in den Pyramidentexten, Orientalia N.S. 65 (1996), p. 381-427). These fragments are the most difficult to render as well as to understand for a contemporary reader. This is particularly so because they differ orthographically from the other spells of the Pyramid Texts (R.C. Steiner, Early Northwest Semitic Serpent Spells in the Pyramid Texts, Winona Lake 2011). Theses dissimilarities within the utterances oblige one to consider the aim and role ascribed to such evidently intended endeavors. It would seem to be significant or even crucial to pay meticulous attention to the broadly understood context. As such the so-called ‘life context’ of ancient religious utterances is examined here. This paper is a presentation of the linguistic and contextual analysis of chosen diagnostic Pyramid Texts spells and aims at disputing the existence of magical elements in these - the oldest, religious texts.