Paracelsus - The Archidoxies of Magic
Paracelsus, Philippus Aureolus Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim (1493-1541) ; Archidoxes Magicae, published in Huser edition of Cologne, 1589 and Strassburg, 1603; translated into English by Robert Turner, 1655, published, 1656. Second English edition, The Archidoxes of Magic, Samuel Weiser, 1975. In the Introduction to the Weiser edition, Stephen Skinner says, "Paracelsus' medical theory ... was closely related to natural philosophy, experience and observation. "Paracelsus' system was based on Neoplatonic Philosophy in which the life of man is regarded as inseparable from that of the universe. For him, the scriptural limus terrae from which the body of men is created is in reality an extract of all beings previously created. It is primarily a compound of 'salt', 'sulpher' and 'mercury' ; the separation of these elements in man being the cause of sickness. This separation is due to the failure of the archaeus (the vital force situated in the stomach) in performing its function of separating the useful from the poisonous."