Kate Hoolu - Grades in Occult Societies
A summary of functionalism would (in brief) point out the observed coexistence of social phenomena and interrelation of groups, beliefs and morals in society; which is seen as a "seamless web". There is no distinction made as to what is a cause and what is an effect of this relationship. Also important is the organicist metaphor (from Herbert Spencer, which owes much to anthropology; the first critique of this is that many tribes or occult orders differ, but continue to work well as societies for which functionalism can offer no explanation, at all). Society is seen as a pattern of functionally interrelated variables (from Talcott Parsons) with a scheme of functional analysis for each, and the concept of fundamental norms and values.